Quinta Ferreira de Baixo is located in Baixo Corgo, one of the three sub-regions of the Demarcated Douro Region.
The great human investment in this singular beautiful landscape has made it possible to establish populations since the Roman occupation and this has resulted in a living and evolving reality, simultaneously, testimony of the past and the engine of the future, anchored in the optimization of natural resources and preserving nature.
The vineyards are located from the top of the deep valleys up to the riverbanks creating a magnificent landscape classified by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 2001.
- 7 ha
- Soil Type
- Schist (laminated metamorphic rocks)
- Grape Varieties
- Touriga Nacional, Tinta Roriz, Touriga Franca, Arinto, Gouveio, Malvasia Fina
- Vinhos de Quinta (high quality wines, exclusively produced with the farm grapes, with environmentally friendly phytosanitary protection processes)
Douro Demarcated Region belongs to the geological formation called Complexo Xisto-Grauváquico. It has soils rich in nutrients and composed of laminated metamorphic rocks (shale), such as stones and gravel, what makes the defects perfect for the installation and cultivation of the vine, since it uses greater protection and penetration of the roots facilitating the use of water and its nutrients, as well as absorbing radiant energy and minimizing the effects of erosion.
Despite its rigorous climate – very dry and hot summers and very cold winters – has stronghold of mountains of Marão and Montemuro, that surround and protect the winds, creating here ideal conditions for the harvest of large quantities quality grapes that produces wines with a unique structure and complexity.
In Portugal there is a wide variety of indigenous grape varieties (about 300), but only about 30 are authorized in the Douro Demarcated Region for the production of Port Wine.
Although in DOC DOURO wines production there is no such legal obligation, in the second half of the twentieth century, a study and analysis of the grape varieties planted in this region has started and it was concluded that the best varieties for the production of Port and DOC Douro Red wines are: Touriga Nacional, Touriga Franca, Tinta Barroca, Aragonez (in the region called Tinta Roriz) and Tinto Cão. In DOC Douro Branco production standout the Malvasia Fina, Gouveio, Rabigato and Viosinho varieties.
Currently, the Douro Demarcated Region extends along the Douro River and its tributaries in an extension of about 250,000 hectares between Barqueiros and Barca d’Alva.
It consists of three sub-regions: Baixo Corgo, Cima Corgo and Douro superior.